Musculoskeletal Physiotherapy is mainly focused on your biomechanical and structural rehabilitation. With targeted goals to maximise your functional movement so you can return to normal daily activities. This type of therapy is most commonly used to address accidental injuries, sports injuries and resolving physical impairment due to lifestyle and ageing.
LOW BACK PAIN
According to European guidelines, low back pain is defined as pain and discomfort localized below the costal margin and above the inferior gluteal folds with or without leg pain.
Based on the duration of back pain there are three types; Acute, subacute and chronic. If the pain is persisting less than 6 weeks it is call it as acute case, between 6 and 12 weeks is called as subacute and after 12 weeks and more is Chronic.
Excess body weight, Weak core and back muscles might lead to back pain, some diseases, Improper lifting, smoking, psychological conditions.
Exercises for strengthening core muscles, Rest, Posture corrections, manual therapies, friction massages, myofascial releases, traction, recommending proper back rest for fix back pain, stretching and flexibility exercises, posture retraining and aerobic exercises.
WHAT CAUSES MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN ?
Musculoskeletal system includes bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments and soft tissues. They work together to support your body's weight and help you move.
Injuries, disease and aging can cause pain, stiffness and other problems with movement and function. Musculoskeletal conditions include conditions that affect bones, joints, ligaments, tendons or muscles.
Joints, such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, gout, spondylo-arthritis;
Bones, such as osteoporosis, osteopenia and associated fragility fractures, traumatic fractures;
Muscles, such as sarcopenia-multiple body areas or systems, such as regional (e.g. back and neck pain) and widespread (e.g. fibromyalgia) pain conditions, inflammatory diseases such as connective tissue diseases and vasculitis that have musculoskeletal manifestations, for example systemic lupus erythematosus, or amputation as a result of disease or trauma.
Muscle tissue can be damaged with the wear and tear of daily activities.
Trauma to an area (jerking movements, auto accidents, falls, fractures, sprains, dislocations, and direct blows to the muscle) also can cause musculoskeletal pain.
Other causes of pain include postural strain, repetitive movements, overuse, and prolonged immobilization.
Changes in posture or poor body mechanics may bring about spinal alignment problems and muscle shortening, therefore causing other muscles to be misused and become painful.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF MUSCULOSKELETAL PAIN ?
Abnormal Reflexes, Balance Problems, Biomechanical Problems, Coordination Problems, Cramps, Deformity, Falls, Fatigue, Gait problems, Headaches, Hypermobility, Immobility, Joint Clicking, Joint Instability, Joint Locking, Mobility Problems, Movement Disorders, Numbness, Pain, Reduced Range of Movement, Sensory Problems, Shortness of Breath, Spasm, Stiffness, Swelling / Inflammation, Tingling / Pins & Needles, Weakness.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF PHYSIOTHERAPY IN PAIN MANAGEMENT ?
Physiotherapists diagnose and manage a broad range of conditions with the bones, muscles, cardiovascular system, nerves and other parts and systems of the body. They can help people to manage chronic diseases, give lifestyle advice, prescribe exercises and aids to help people manage better, and give advice.
Possible physical therapy programs include: Manual Therapy- Hands-on manual therapies such as soft tissue and joint mobilization help to combat inflammation by gaining movement while reducing pain and encouraging blood flow.
Weight-bearing and resistance exercises are the best for your bones. Weight-bearing exercises force you to work against gravity. They include walking, hiking, jogging, climbing stairs, playing tennis, and dancing. Resistance exercises – such as lifting weights – can also strengthen bones.
A significant part of physiotherapy involves exercises, movement modification and modification of your valued activities. We believe that education around your condition and how to manage it is essential for a good outcome as well as providing you with strategies to self-manage in the future.
Reduce or Eliminate Pain. ...
Be an alternative to surgery. ...
Improve mobility. ...
Help patients recover from a stroke. ...
Aid in recovery from sports related injuries. ...
Improve balance and prevent falls. ...
Aid in managing diabetes and vascular conditions.
Manage heart and lung disease
Manage women's health and other conditions.