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paediatric physiotherapy

Paediatric physiotherapists are specialists in the assessment, identification, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders of movement and physiological issues. They help children to achieve their optimal physical development. They have specialist knowledge in the movement, development and conditions that are likely to affect the baby and growing child and treat from 1-day-old babies to adolescents.

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It happens when a baby's spinal cord fails to develop normally while it is still in the mother's womb.

-family background or genetics
-less nutrients (folic acid)
-external variables
-environmental causes

Having skin issues on the back
Depression in the back region
Fat deposits on the body
The back has more hair
Having trouble focusing and learning
Problems with bowel habits
Bone and muscle deformities

Difficulties with memory
Associated conditions

Physiotherapy Management
-Improving the general mobility by exercises
-Positioning of the child along with handling is taught to caretakers
-Aids helpful in walking are prescribed(walkers)
-Aids the youngster in carrying out daily activities
-Relaxation exercises
-Stretching exercises
-Strengthening exercises for weak muscles
Your physiotherapist will advise you to hold the new born child carefully following surgery, aids the youngster in standing and moving about on their own. Orthoses are prescribed.


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Children (infants up until the age of 19 years) in the areas of orthopedics, congenital malformations, neurology, neuropsychiatry, breathing and prematurity require Paediatric Physiotherapy. This includes developmental delay, neuromotor and/ or neuromotor problems.

Paediatric physiotherapists possess specialized knowledge and training related to growth and development, syndromes as well as diagnoses within the paediatric filed.

A paediatric physiotherapist is able to assess, identify, diagnose and treat physiological impairments within the paediatric population.

Peadiatric physiotherapy treatment is based on a number of hands-on techniques, exercises and interventions with the goal of addressing functional impairments including muscle tone, strength, coordination, balance and posture, mobility and achieving an optimal range of motion. 

Treatment is always performed with the ICF model in mind so that activity limitations and participation are addressed. To this end paediatric physiotherapists treat as part of a team, with the child and family as central components.


Improves posture and integrates reflexes of child
Makes movement easier by training more typical patterns of movements.
Improves gross motor skills.
Improves functional mobility.
Improves muscle balance and muscle strength.
Improves balance and coordination.
Improves range of motion.
Improves muscle tone.
Improved gait/gait training.
Addresses respiratory difficulties.
Assists in addressing learning difficulties.
While it must be noted that the benefits of physiotherapy are many, there is little high level sustaining evidence for this.

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